Acne is a common reason for consultation with a dermatologist due to the psychological suffering it can cause. It is an inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicle.
Frequency Of Acne In Adults
Adult acne is becoming increasingly common. Among people affected by acne, one in four are adults. Adult acne is more often severe since 70% of people affected by severe acne are over 26 years old. “More adult women consult for acne than men, on the one hand, because they are more affected than men, but also because they are more embarrassed by it,” adds the specialist. 61% of cases of mild acne concern women, and 39% concern men.
Affected Areas: Front, Back
The location of acne in adults is different for women and men. “In adult women, acne is inflammatory rather than retentional. This means that they are larger pimples than microcystins, and the lesions are located on the lower face, along the mandibles, on the chin, and sometimes even on the sides of the neck. While in men, the forehead and back are more often affected.”
People Are More At Risk
Adult women who suffer from acne are often active, overworked, stressed women. They do not necessarily suffer from acne as teenagers. Specific drug treatments, such as cortisone, lithium, or vitamin B12, tend to promote the appearance of acne. Finally, people working in fast-food kitchens near vats filled with cooking oil are more likely to suffer from acne.
The Manifestations Of Acne Are, On The One Hand:
- Open comedones (blackheads), which correspond to “plugs” that obstruct skin pores, may expel spontaneously or become inflamed and cause a pimple.
- Closed comedones or whiteheads: small, whitish papules formed by the accumulation of sebum. This whitehead is likely to become inflamed and cause a nodule or pustule.
On The Other Hand, Superficial Inflammatory Lesions:
- Papules: red, inflammatory spots, less than 5 mm.
- Pustules: red spots with a white head,
- Nodules: painful, deep bumps larger than 5 mm.
- Cysts are painful, deep bumps in a fibrous shell that do not disappear spontaneously.
The causes are often stress, pollution, overwork, and an unbalanced diet, particularly too much sugar. Indeed, stress causes the secretion of hormones (cortisol and estrogen), which can worsen acne. Tobacco also aggravates acne, in particular by promoting the formation of cysts. On the other hand, adult acne is generally not hereditary.
Hormonal Adult Acne
Adult acne is often made worse by hormonal fluctuations. Contraception is often involved in the occurrence of acne. “Conception in itself is not the cause of acne. It is instead stopping or changing. Contraception that can trigger acne. Pregnancy, which causes excellent hormonal variation, has an unpredictable effect on acne.
Adult acne is more complicated to treat than juvenile acne. It requires perseverance because the first signs of improvement can take weeks or even months to be observed. “We have neighborhood medicines in view of benzoyl peroxide and retinoids. We avoid using local antibiotics, which can induce bacterial resistance.”
Orally, Commonly Used:
Zinc is for mild to moderate acne.
- Hormonal treatments for women: certain contraceptive pills significantly improve acne,
- Courses of oral antibiotics, particularly cyclins, for moderate to severe acne
- Isotretinoin for the most severe acne: this treatment is effective but fraught with side effects, so it should be prescribed as a last resort.
- “At long last, organic product corrosive strips and light medicines (LED, IPL, lasers) likewise have their place.
What Are The Best Products?
No treatment is better than another; each case is particular, and each treatment must be adapted on a case-by-case basis. The dermatologist implements the best strategy with his patient.
Essential Oil For Acne In Adults
Essential oils are quite effective in purifying the skin and improving mild to moderate acne.
The Three Best Known For Their Effect On Acne Are:
- Tea-tree essential oil: its antibacterial, antiseptic, and anti-infectious properties make it particularly effective for treating and drying pimples. A pure drop on a cotton swab can be applied directly to the pimple.
- True lavender essential oil: its anti-inflammatory and healing properties allow it to soothe red spots and help them heal. It can also be applied directly to the pimple using a cotton swab.
- Manuka essential oil is very antibacterial; it can be used in severe acne cases. It can be used alone or combined with Palmarosa essential oil. It is purifying and astringent.
Diet: Good And Bad Foods When You Have Adult Acne
A diet is fundamental for general well-being. It should be adjusted, wealthy in new leafy foods and entire grains, and low in refined sugars, immersed fats, and liquor. “Sugar (and hence liquor) builds a wide range of irritation in the body, especially on the skin. Along these lines, it exasperates skin break out. Day-to-day utilization of sweet food sources builds the gamble of a skin inflammation breakout by 2.7 times. “Drinking vast amounts of cow’s milk additionally irritates skin breakouts.
Preventative actions are essential for adults with acne-prone skin. “Everyday consideration given to the skin should be extremely delicate, never forceful. Washing must be gentle and not strip the skin,” insists the dermatologist. Washing too frequently and aggressively can cause micro-lesions on the skin, into which bacteria infiltrate.
Be careful of the sun, which is a false friend. If acne seems to improve upon direct contact, UV rays thicken the skin and aggravate the phenomenon. “Moreover, the sun increases the risk of pigmented marks. Also, be careful not to forget to moisturize the skin, already thinking it is too oily. Oily skin needs to be hydrated as much as dry skin.