We hear about CBD as a fantastic ingredient for skin and health. Do you know how many there are in organic hemp oil? Here’s a question we’ve been asked lately. This current topic may also ask you: what is the difference between Cannabidiol oil (CBD oil) and Hemp oil? Is there CBD in hemp oil? And what are the effects of CBD on the skin? This is what we are going to cover in this article.
Hemp: A Plant With Various Uses
Originally: a single plant, that hemp, of which there are however many species. It is that of Cannabis sativa, which is authorized for cultivation. It is called legal hemp or industrial hemp since it is highly regulated and must contain less than 0.3% TetraHydroCannabinol (THC) and therefore has no psychotropic or addictive effects. It is an annual plant with webbed leaves whose form is well known and proliferates (without fertilizers or pesticides) in any climate. Its cultivation requires little water: it is, therefore, an ecological and economical plant. This is why hemp has always been cultivated and used in many areas:
- The fiber, formerly widely used in the textile industry because it was very resistant, made it possible to make ropes, canvas, bags, clothing, and paper (banknotes, cigarette paper, etc.). It has since been supplanted mainly by cotton fiber.
- Hemp straw is used in mulch and bedding for animals but especially in the field of eco-construction (insulation).
- The seed can be pressed to obtain oil; ground into flour; or eaten as is, once shelled. It is a superfood very rich in protein and balanced in Omega 3 and 6.
- flowers: they are the ones that naturally contain cannabidiol (CBD) molecules from the cannabinoid family. CBD is not a narcotic without a psychotropic effect and can be used for its many properties.
The hemp plant, therefore, has many applications, which vary according to the parts of the plant used.
What Is Hemp Oil?
Hemp oil thus comes from the cold pressing of the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. The oil obtained is thus essentially composed of the following:
- fatty acids with a fascinating balance in omega 3 and 6
- fat-soluble vitamins: A and E, in particular
- Polyphenols are antioxidant molecules that fight against free radicals that cause premature aging of cells.
As we have just seen, CBD is naturally contained in the flowers: the seeds do not include it. This is why this molecule is not found in hemp oil. Hemp oil can be used in food: it will be preferable to consume it raw because it is fragile and does not support heating. Its omega 3 / omega six ratio is ideal, and this oil contributes to the balance of the cardiovascular system. It is used in cosmetics for its soothing, anti-dehydration, moisturizing, firming, and antioxidant properties.
What Is Cannabidiol CBD?
Hemp flower contains many natural active compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, and famous cannabinoid derivatives. It would seem that the plant contains more than a hundred cannabinoid molecules, the best known of which are THC and CBD. The latter has a chemical structure very close to THC but without presenting a psychotropic effect. It is authorized to use products containing CBD (from legal hemp), unlike products containing THC, which are strictly prohibited.
How Is CBD Obtained?
CBD is obtained by extraction from the plant. Different extraction methods can be used: supercritical CO2, solvent, or by oils, and each has different yields and costs.
What Are The Benefits Of CBD?
Cannabinoids are a group of chemicals that activate receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system, causing effects on the nervous system and brain. Regarding CBD in particular, studies have demonstrated anxiolytic, antidepressant, neuroprotective, anti-convulsant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties for this molecule, opening up a promising avenue for therapeutic use. CBD products are used at low doses and claim effects in terms of well-being: they reduce stress, induce relaxation, relax and facilitate sleep, soothe and help better support pain.
What Is CBD Oil Or Cannabidiol CBD Oil?
CBD can come in different forms in herbal teas, to inhale (e-cigarette), and in foods like chocolate… as CBD is a very highly lipophilic substance, it is readily miscible in an oil. CBD can therefore be dispersed in vegetable oil, such as olive or sunflower oil: this is called CBD oil or CBD oil in English. In this form, CBD oil is presented as a food supplement and is therefore consumed directly orally or sublingually. Here is a table to summarize the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil:
- Oil from the pressing of hemp seeds
- Rich in essential fatty acids (Omega 3 and 6), it contains vitamins A and E and antioxidant molecules. Does not contain cannabinoid molecules.
- It can be used as edible oil or in cosmetics.
- Cardiovascular protector (thanks to the omega 3/omega six ratios), and on the skin: soothing, anti-dehydration, hydrating, firming, and antioxidant.
- Oil in which is dispersed an extract of hemp flowers which is then distributed in oil.
- It contains CBD (the percentage varies by product).
- It is a dietary supplement that is taken orally or sublingually.
- Soothing, de-stressing, relaxing, and promoting sleep.
Does CBD Have Any Benefits For The Skin?
Studies on the effects of cannabidiol CBD on the skin are still very recent but promising since they highlight a potential beneficial impact of CBD on skin health. New studies are particularly interested in CBD’s action at the endocannabinoid system’s level, many receptors of which are also present in the skin. This system participates in the regulation of many physiological processes, particularly at the level of skin cells. And any disruption of these functions could be the cause of skin pathologies.
Thanks to their action on the endocannabinoid system, cannabinoid molecules reduce inflammation and regulate the functionality of skin cells. And we know that inflammation is involved in chronic skin problems like atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne. Consequently, cannabidiol arouses interest in cosmetics, particularly in topical application, which could be beneficial for certain skin disorders linked to an inflammatory skin condition. CBD would seem to regulate inflammation, irritation, and sebum in the skin in particular… a way that seems promising and whose data remains to be consolidated with studies on a larger scale. To conclude, hemp and CBD oil are very different because of their origin, properties, and application.