Various Types, Benefits, And Tips For Correct Execution Of Plank 

The plank is a static, free-body exercise essential for developing the core and, more precisely, the abdominal muscles to improve posture. The actual activity is the front plank, where the starting position is very similar to the pushup (the classic pushups commonly known as pushups). It is performed in most cases with both arms. Still, some variants include only one arm at a time, the lateral, the reverse, the extended … Without forgetting the dynamic variants, perfect for the most trained, to intensify effort and results. In fact, like any exercise, this must be performed correctly. Otherwise, it can even be harmful.

What Is The Plank

Translatable from English as ‘plank,’ it is one of the isometric bodyweight exercises based only on short-term strength and endurance. It is one of the fundamental exercises for developing the core and, more precisely, the abdominal muscles. But not only. Its ability to make many other areas work simultaneously makes it unique. It tones, sculpts, and slims the whole figure. It is widely used in general athletic training for various sports and functional or similar disciplines in fitness and aesthetic culture.

Plank With Outstretched Arms

We should perceive how the exemplary rendition is performed accurately. This form is the most famous and utilizes the hands to help the body. It can likewise be moved toward after having a decent degree of experience with the activity on the lower arms. This is the way to make it happen:

  1. lie on the ground in an inclined position, with the elbows bowed on the lower arms and the centers of the hands down
  2. push your hands towards the floor and lift your middle off the ground and your legs, carrying your body to the beginning place of the pushups
  3. hands and shoulders should be adjusted, legs straight, feet at similar width as the hips, and the region of the center in a tight hold
  4. Start by standing firm on this footing for no less than 10 seconds, or as long as you can, and afterward return to the beginning position. Increment the holding time slowly and progressively.

Plank: Position On The Forearms

How about we perceive how the adaptation on the lower arms is performed accurately, more direct, and appropriate for novices since it lays on the lower arms bowed at 90 ° rather than on the hands. Along these lines, the weight is circulated on the shoulders.

  1. Rests with your midsection on the ground and your elbows bowed with your hands by your shoulders.
  2. ascend by squeezing your lower arms against the floor, twisting your elbows at 90 degrees, and adjusting them oppositely to your shoulders
  3. Additionally, you need to drive your toes to lift your middle.
  4. the body ought to lay exclusively on the toes and lower arms, framing a straight line from the head to the heels
  5. Keep the entire body in constrictions.
  6. Crush the bum and pull the navel inwards as though being sucked towards the back
  7. Keep up with this situation for 10 seconds or as long as possible, then return to the underlying position.

Valuable Tips And Mistakes To Avoid In The Plank

Look at these common mistakes:

  1. The abdominal muscles and buttocks must remain contracted for the entire exercise duration.
  2. The legs must be perfectly straight and slightly apart. Never bend your knees.
  3. The back must be straight, not curved. To help yourself, look up and do a retro version of the pelvis.
  4. The head and neck should remain refined and relaxed without reaching forward or bending.


How Many Minutes A Day To Plank?

For this activity to be robust, keeping up with the situation for a couple of moments or minutes on account of a high level is fundamental. There are no one-size-fits-all standards. You need to figure out how to pay attention to your body and know about your degree of preparation. From any degree of planning you start, the mystery is to do things steadily, acquiring obstruction gradually, without encountering torment or some other sort of issue. One ought never to attempt to oppose the constraint of perseverance. Here are multiple times to be taken as a demonstrative reference as indicated by the different degrees of actual planning:

  1. Beginner: hold the position for 10-15 seconds for each set. Perform three total series with a 2-minute break between one and the other
  2. Intermediate: hold the position for 30-40 seconds for each set. Perform three total sets with a 2-minute break
  3. Advanced: hold the position for 1-2 minutes for each set. Perform five total sets with a 2-minute break

Continuously recall that quality precedes quality. This implies it is wiser to complete four arrangements of 15 seconds each, with a 5-second in the middle between, as opposed to one sequential moment expecting a wrong stance.

Plank, Muscles Involved

In addition to the abdominals, this position stresses and trains many other muscles. More specifically:

  1. Rectus abdominis, creator of the so-called six-pack, the much sought-after ‘turtle,’ is also very important at the postural level.
  2. The transverse abdominis, responsible for the contraction of the abdomen, allows the ribs to be lowered and contributes to respiratory dynamics.
  3. Internal and external oblique of the abdomen, on which the ability of the torso to rotate depends. Helps keep your waist tight and your abs well defined.
  4. The square muscle of the loins allows the torso to bend laterally, fixes the lower ribs during inhalation, and assists exhalation.
  5. Ilio-psoas allow you to flex the hip joint, straighten the torso from the prone position and rotate the thigh outwards.
  6. The Sacrospinalis muscle or erector of the spine is an extensor of the spine and supports the head, thus allowing the upright position.

Plank And Benefits

No training to flatten and define the abs would work better than isometric exercises. They would be effective because they cause the body to contract and stiffen the muscles for more than 10 seconds. Specifically, the plank allows you to work the abdomen and back in a balanced way, unlike many other exercises, which, on the other hand, focus only on the abdominals. Performing it regularly and consistently allows you to:

  1. increase metabolism
  2. improve the muscle-to-fat ratio and avoid obesity-related diseases such as hypertension, high cholesterol and triglycerides, diabetes, cardiovascular disease
  3. strengthen the back and the muscles surrounding the spine
  4. improve posture
  5. have greater balance
  6. have better elasticity
  7. tone legs and buttocks
  8. reduce muscle stress by stretching and relaxing the various muscle groups

Plank And Abs

This is one of the most used exercises for developing the abdominals. Being isometric, it only stimulates pure strength in those who are not very trained. Those who practice sports regularly can also increase resistance to strength, which implies the activation of the metabolism. Those who approach the plank do so in the belief that they are developing the famous abdominal ‘turtle.’ 

But it should be noted that the rectus abdominis is not created in the same and identical way between various people, especially between women and men. And it also shows significant differences in how to adapt to training. Pay close attention to the changes this training causes in the abdominal muscles. Some argue that it favors the thickening and flattening of the rectus abdominis, affecting the typical segmentation of the turtle.

Knee Plank

This is the most suitable variant for those who do not have a lot of strength and endurance, such as older people or are not trained. A facilitated propaedeutic, especially for beginners who have not yet developed particular abdominal strength. It is performed on the arms, but the knees remain on the ground. It can be performed on the hands or forearms, but the elbows must always be in line with the shoulders, while the abdomen and buttocks must always remain tight and tight.

Side Plank 

The side plank, known as the side plank, is the second best known and most widespread type. Again, it is always an isometric exercise.

  1. You start lying on your side, with the forearm, elbow, and the outer portion of the foot (or knee) resting on the ground.
  2. By applying force to these parts, lift the rest of the body, trying to create and maintain a straight line.
  3. The free arm can be extended along the side or raised upwards to increase the degree of difficulty.

It exerts a very intense effort on the abdominal muscles with a particular focus on the transverse.

Plank Diet

There is a weight loss food strategy called the Planck diet. It is a mere case of homonymy that has nothing to do with this isometric abdominal strengthening and muscle toning exercise. The Plank diet is a fast way to lose weight based on a high-protein diet. The name derives from its creator, Max Planck, and therefore not from the exercise.

Contraindications Of The Plank

There are no particular contraindications. Indeed, if you have stopped exercising for a long time, it is good to consult your doctor to evaluate the clinical picture. In this case, it is better to be followed by a personal trainer, who will be able to draw up a personalized training schedule. In any case, it is still not recommended:

  1. pregnant
  2. those suffering from hypertension
  3. who has heart problems
  4. those with cervical and spinal problems.


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